TMB Barcelona, Spain
Bus Technical Director

Francisco González Balmas isMechanicalEngineer  (MsC) by High TechnicalEngineersSchool of Barcelona,  Degreein 1978

Professor at Internal Combustion Engines( TechnicalEngineersSchool of Barcelona),  from 1987 to 1990.  Professor of Vehicle Design at Master on Automobile Engineering at UPC from 2002 to 2010.Since 2003,  Bus Technical Director at Transports de Barcelona S.A. (TMB), managing directly a technical team of 100 people (Engineering, Bus Tenders, Maintenance Planning, Bus Garages), and indirectly the complete maintenance team (300 people). Responsibility on bus purchasing and maintenance.

Previously, Bus Technical Director and Engines Technical Director at IVECO-Spain (1990 to 2002). He is currently the Vice Chairman for Energy Systems at the UITP Bus Committee.

Presentation Abstract

The overall objective of the paper is to present to a large stakeholder audience the ZeEUS project that strives to bring electrification to the heart of the urban bus network. The paper aims to demonstrate that electric bus systems are one of the most viable solutions to curb environmental problems in urban areas and ZeEUS is the first major electric bus project testing all of the main vehicle technologies and charging strategies/energy supply modes in live urban demonstrations. The paper will present descriptions of the vehicle and charging technologies used and highlight their suitability and benefits in urban areas. Moreover, the paper aims to raise the profile of the electric bus sector to a wide range of stakeholders and support facilitating the market uptake of electric bus systems. 

Coordinated by UITP, ZeEUS is a flagship electro-mobility project of the European Commission that tests in 8 live urban demonstrations across Europe plug-in hybrid, full electric and trolley buses with a wide range of charging strategies and energy supply modes in varying operational conditions.  ZeEUS aims to facilitate the market uptake of electric buses in Europe and support decisions makers with guidelines and tools on ‘if’, ‘when’ and ‘how’ to introduce electric buses based on extensive evaluation. The project brings together 40 partners representing the entire stakeholder spectrum: public transport authorities and operators, bus manufacturers, industry suppliers, energy providers, national and international associations, research centres and consultancies. An Observatory will also be set up to closely follow electric bus development worldwide. The project will run from 2013-2017. 

The eight core demonstrations of the ZeEUS project will support the evaluation of the economic, environmental and societal feasibility of electric urban bus systems through the application of Key Performance Indicators. With demonstrations spread across all of Europe with different geographical, climatic, environmental and operational conditions, including the Monitored Demonstrations from the ZeEUS Observatory, the data collected will be significant enough to perform meaningful statistical evaluation. The evaluation of electric bus systems in the ZeEUS project will support form guidelines and tools for decision makers on 'if', 'how' and 'when' to introduce electric buses into the urban bus network. This in turn will help support facilitate the market uptake of electric buses in Europe. 

Congress & Exhibition: 

Parallel Session 5 – Technology innovations for buses

This key bus session bring head-to-head the different expectations and strategies regarding the development and deployment of new cleaner and more energy efficient bus solutions in cities. Various technological options will be illustrated as well as the expectations from the different stakeholders from Europe and Latin America. The selected speakers from operators and authorities will explain their expectations but also the various operational and financial challenges.