Lélis Marcos Teixeira, economist, MBA (Master of Business Administration) in FGV, MTB (Master of Business Transportation) in COPPE/UFRJ, Latin America Regional President of the International association of Public Transport (UITP), President of the Federation of Transit Companies in Rio de Janeiro State (FETRANSPOR), President of the Association of Rio de Janeiro Bus Companies (Rio Ônibus), Vice-President of UITP, Vice-President of the Brazilian National Association of Public Transportation (ANTP), Vice-President of the Brazilian National Association of Transport Operators (NTU) and Director of the Brazilian National Confederation of Transport (CNT).
Rio de Janeiro, one of the biggest metropolises in America, faces a critical moment in terms of public transportation evolution as well as land use patterns. In this sense, there are three major ongoing projects in the city yet at an early stage. They pledge to produce substantial impact in the urban environment and travel behavior, leading to improvements in the quality of life of more than 10 million people who live not only in the capital, but in the metropolitan area as well. The most appealing one is called Porto Maravilha and consists of creating a “new entrance” for the city throughout the revitalization of the port area – which remained abandoned along the last decades but now attracts heavy public and private investments. Another one involves the environment renewing of consolidated although degraded areas next to Transbrasil BRT corridor, whose influence surpasses the city context, connecting the entire metropolis. This project is about restructuring residential, commercial and industrial activities, leading to mixed land use associated with the BRT planned network, in accordance with TOD concepts. Furthermore, recently constructed crossing edges for public transportation enable the creation of special interest areas, in which the transportation network induces the urban development, like Transcarioca BRT. The combination of these and other initiatives concerning law conception, transportation development and land use will certainly contribute for reshaping Rio´s urban environment in a more sustainable and people oriented framework.